Atlantic Flyway Seaduck Study Perry M.C, and E.J.R. Lohnes. 2001., Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD.

Barrow's Goldeneye Research, Canadian Wildlife Service

Behaviour and Ecology of Sea Ducks, Goudie, R. Ian, Margaret R. Petersen, and Gregory J. Robertson, eds. 1999. Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, Ottawa.

Common Eider Satellite Tracking Study

Harlequin duck Research, Canadian Wildlife Service

King Eiders Satellite tracking in western arctic, North America

Satellite Telemetry Studies

Seaduck Specialist Group National Environmental Research Institute of Denmark

Seaduck Studies in North America 2000 SDJV

Scoter Satellite Telemetry. Rosenberg, D.H. and M.P. Petrula. 1998. ADFG. Version current at February 13, 2001.